Like humans, cats can commonly develop diabetes. It usually affects older or obese cats, although any cat can be affected. You should know that diabetes in felines can’t be cured. However, they can lead a relatively normal life if the disease is managed appropriately.

Causes

Females tend to develop diabetes more often than males. Veterinarians don’t know the exact reason felines develop the condition. Certain conditions are known to increase the risk of developing diabetes though. Cushing’s disease, hyperthyroidism, obesity, and pancreatitis all increase the risk of developing diabetes. Cats taking certain medications may also develop the disease.

Types

Cats can develop two different types of diabetes in cats. They include insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent. Insulin-dependent cats will need daily injections, while non-insulin dependent cats won’t need immediate injections. However, they may develop the need for injections over time..

Diagnosis

In order to diagnose diabetes, the vet will need to perform a physical exam.. Laboratory tests will also need to be conducted. These lab tests will determine if sugar levels are high in the blood and urine.

Symptoms

It is common for cats who develop this condition to experience various symptoms. Some of the most common include weight loss, increased urination, and increased thirst. A poor coat of hair is also a common sign of diabetes. Other common signs include increased or decreased appetite, lethargy, and depression.

Treatment

Diabetes in cats will shorten the lifespan if left untreated. The most common method of treatment involves insulin injections. There are different types of insulin and different cats may respond to different types. Sometimes, oral medications can be used to treat the disease.

Prognosis

As mentioned earlier, there is no cure for diabetes. However, if treated effectively, the disease won’t interfere with your cat’s quality of life. Your cat may even stop needing the injections over time. Losing weight can help in this regard if obesity is an underlying cause.

Author : Darrin Swain