Pancreatitis is a condition that causes inflammation of the pancreas. Your cat’s pancreas is responsible for producing hormones to regulate blood sugar as well as producing digestive enzymes. This condition can either be chronic or acute.

Cause

Feline pancreatitis can occur for numerous reasons. A few of the most common reasons include poor diet, various infections, and injuries. Cats can also have an adverse reaction to various medications or anesthesia and develop the condition.

Pancreatitis may also develop due to diseases that affect the bile duct or small intestine. Calicivirus and toxoplasmosis are two other diseases that can cause problems.

Symptoms

The most common signs of feline pancreatitis include loss of appetite, dehydration, and lethargy. Your cat may also start to lose weight if the disease is allowed to progress. Severe cases of this disease can prove to be fatal.

Diagnosis

Pancreatitis in cats can be difficult to diagnose correctly since cats can produce various symptoms. An ultrasound and x-ray can help determine if there is any abnormality in the pancreas. The vet will also need to have a blood test done to check for pancreatic enzyme levels. He will also need to have a full medical history and do a physical exam.

Treatment

Cats with pancreatitis are treated with supportive care. Dehydration and electrolyte imbalances are common problems. Therefore, your cat may need to be given fluids intravenously or subcutaneously. Antibiotics can be used to treat any secondary infections that occur.

Prognosis

A complete recovery is usually expected if the case of pancreatitis is only mild. However, sometimes the condition recurs more severely after an apparent successful treatment. A worse prognosis is usually assigned to cats who are also suffering from various other conditions. Other conditions that can cause problems include diabetes mellitus or diseases that affect the small intestine or liver.

Author: Darrin Swain